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Germany

Essential Reading Items

Op-ed: Getting Germany Past Internal Devaluation
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Die Welt
June 9, 2013

Interview: Germany's 'Self-Defeating' Policies Toward Southern Europe
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Adam S. Posen assesses the impact of Germany's pursuit of costly terms for bailing out Greece, Cyprus, and other troubled economies in Europe.
March 29, 2013

Op-ed: Five Myths about the Euro Crisis
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Washington Post
September 7, 2012

Testimony: Challenges of Europe's Fourfold Union
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Prepared statement presented before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on European Affairs hearing on "The Future of the Eurozone: Outlook and Lessons"
August 1, 2012

Policy Brief 12-18: The Coming Resolution of the European Crisis: An Update
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
June 2012

Policy Brief 12-20: Why a Breakup of the Euro Area Must Be Avoided: Lessons from Previous Breakups
by Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics
August 2012

Interview: Will French Voting Test Franco-German Ties?
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Nicolas Véron assesses the contest between President Nicolas Sarkozy and the socialist Francois Hollande, and the implications for European integration.
February 7, 2012

Policy Brief 10-27: How Europe Can Muddle Through Its Crisis
by Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
December 2010

Article: Taking the German Recovery Less Seriously
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Article in The International Economy
July 7, 2007

Op-ed: Exportweltmeister, na und?
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Die Welt
February 8, 2007

Policy Brief 06-1: The United States Needs German Economic Leadership
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 2006

Op-ed: Four Questions for the Future Chancellor
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed published in Internationale Politik
August 2005

Op-ed: Just a Recovery Is Not Enough
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times Deutschland
August 29, 2005


Policy Briefs

14-14: What Should Surplus Germany Do? [pdf]
by Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
May 2014

14-1: Making Labor Market Reforms Work for Everyone: Lessons from Germany [pdf]
by Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 2014

13-26: Financial Services in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership [pdf]
by Simon Johnson, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
October 2013

13-23: How to Form a More Perfect European Banking Union [pdf]
by Angel Ubide, Peterson Institute for International Economics
October 2013

12-23: Updated Estimates of Fundamental Equilibrium Exchange Rates [pdf]
by William R. Cline, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and John Williamson, Peterson Institute for International Economics
November 2012

12-20: Why a Breakup of the Euro Area Must Be Avoided: Lessons from Previous Breakups [pdf]
by Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics
August 2012

12-18: The Coming Resolution of the European Crisis: An Update [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
June 2012

12-1: The Coming Resolution of the European Crisis [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 2012

11-13: Europe on the Brink [pdf]
by Peter Boone, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Simon Johnson, Peterson Institute for International Economics
July 2011

10-27: How Europe Can Muddle Through Its Crisis [pdf]
by Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
December 2010

10-14: In Defense of Europe's Grand Bargain [pdf]
by Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
June 2010

06-1: The United States Needs German Economic Leadership [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 2006


Working Papers

13-9: Asian and European Financial Crises Compared [pdf]
by Edwin M. Truman, Peterson Institute for International Economics
October 2013

12-7: Lessons from Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis [pdf]
by Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics
April 2012

06-6: Has EMU Had Any Impact on the Degree of Wage Restraint? [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Daniel Popov Gould, Peterson Institute for International Economics
August 2006

03-2: Is Germany Turning Japanese? [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
March 2003

99-5: Why EMU is Irrelevant for the German Economy
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics

97-4: Lessons from the Bundesbank on the Occasion of Its 40th (and Second to Last?) Birthday
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics


Testimony

European Banking Union: Current Outlook and Short-Term Choices [pdf]
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Statement presented at the conference "Banking Union and the Financing of the Portuguese Economy," Assembleia da Republica / Portuguese Parliament, Lisbon
February 26, 2014

European Union Economic Relations: Crisis and Opportunity [pdf]
by Douglas A. Rediker, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations hearing on "European Union Economic Relations: Crisis and Opportunity."
May 23, 2013

Challenges of Europe's Fourfold Union [pdf]
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Prepared statement presented before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on European Affairs hearing on "The Future of the Eurozone: Outlook and Lessons"
August 1, 2012

The Future of the Euro Area [pdf]
by Simon Johnson, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Prepared statement presented before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on European Affairs hearing on "The Future of the Eurozone: Outlook and Lessons"
August 1, 2012

German Experience with Fiscal Rules: Lessons for the US Budget Process [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony before the House Subcommittee on Legislative and Budget Process Committee on Rules
July 27, 2005


Op-eds

The North-South Divide in the Euro Area
by Angel Ubide, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed published by El Pais as "La división norte-sur en la zona euro"
April 13, 2014

Europe's Institutional Mismatches Will Create More Turbulence in 2014 than in 2013
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in China 2014, a special issue of the magazine Caixin
January 2014

Europe's Voters Wisely Stick with Frugal Leaders
by Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Bloomberg
September 29, 2013

Germany Is Being Crushed by Its Export Obsession
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times
September 3, 2013

The Swedish Model for Economic Recovery
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Washington Post
August 30, 2013

Getting Germany Past Internal Devaluation
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Die Welt
June 9, 2013

Three New Lessons of the Euro Crisis
by Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Project Syndicate
April 8, 2013

Five Myths about the Euro Crisis
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Washington Post
September 7, 2012

Europe's Banking Union: Possible Next Steps on a Bumpy Path
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in VoxEU.org
July 6, 2012

The End of the Euro: A Survivor's Guide
by Simon Johnson, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Peter Boone, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Huffington Post
May 27, 2012

Europe's New Fiscal Compact Treaty Does Not Outlaw Keynesianism and Is a Stepping Stone to More Progress
by Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in VoxEU
February 6, 2012

Banking Federalism Key to Euro Area Survival
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Emerging Markets
November 3, 2011

No Excuse for Inaction
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Reuters
August 31, 2011

Germany Owes More to Prodigal Periphery
by Olivier Jeanne, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and John Williamson, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times
May 25, 2011

The Fire Is Still Burning
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Handelsblatt
October 13, 2010

Detailed Disclosure Is the Key to Stress-Test Success
by Nicolas Veron, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Eurointelligence
July 15, 2010

The G-20 and "Chermany"
by Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Business Standard
June 23, 2010

Germany's Chinese New Year and What to Do about It
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Eurointelligence, Brussels
February 19, 2010

Having a Large Euro Area Is an Advantage for Germany
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Die Welt
February 19, 2010

The Greek Tragedy That Changed Europe
by Simon Johnson, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Peter Boone, Effective Intervention
Op-ed in the Wall Street Journal
February 13, 2010

Good for the Near Term
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
November 15, 2009

Is There an Economic Alternative?
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed submitted to Eurointelligence, August 24, 2009
September 1, 2009

American Saving Is No Excuse for Schadenfreude
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
July 19, 2009

The G-8's Too Easy German-American Consensus
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Column for the Eurointelligence Syndicate
July 10, 2009

Why Is Reducing Unemployment Unpopular?
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
March 16, 2008

Who, Not What, Matters for Investment Barriers
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
November 4, 2007

A Drag, But Not a Crisis
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
September 27, 2007

The Follies of Federalism
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
August 5, 2007

Making Transatlantic Progress After Germany’s Summits
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
June 19, 2007

What Germany’s Recovery Means for Germany’s Future
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
May 27, 2007

Hartz IV Worked—As Far As It Went
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Die Welt
March 14, 2007

Exportweltmeister, na und?
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Die Welt
February 8, 2007

Faddish Export Promotion Is a Heavy Burden for Any Economy
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times
August 9, 2006

Don't Kid Yourselves about Fiscal Consolidation
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Welt am Sonntag
November 6, 2005

How Europe's Regulations Hold It Back
by Martin Neil Baily, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Diana Farrell, McKinsey Global Institute
Op-ed in the Financial Times
October 18, 2005

How the United States Benefited from Fiscal Activism
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Die Zeit
September 8, 2005

Just a Recovery Is Not Enough
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times Deutschland
August 29, 2005

What Is Needed to Make Reforms Work
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Handelsblatt in the invited series "Germany from Abroad"
August 19, 2005

Four Questions for the Future Chancellor
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed published in Internationale Politik
August 2005

Reform Cannot Live By Labor Alone
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Financial Times Deutschland
Appearing (in German translation) as part of the featured series Neues Deutschland
November 1, 2004

Europe's Route Back to Prosperity
by Martin Neil Baily, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times
November 3, 2003

Germany: Getting Better All the Time
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in The International Economy
September 16, 2003


Speeches and Papers

Germany and the Euro: The Revenge of Helmut Schmidt [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Kurt Viermetz Lecture delivered at the American Academy in Berlin
June 5, 2014

Bridging the North-South Divide in the Euro Area [pdf]
by Angel Ubide, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Remarks to the Euro50 Group Meeting in Brussels
March 28, 2014

The Yin and Yang of the European Sovereign Debt Crisis [pdf]
by Andreas Dombret, Executive Board of the Deutsche Bundesbank
October 17, 2013

Promises to Keep: The Policy Actions Needed to Secure Global Recovery
by Christine Lagarde, Managing Director, International Monetary Fund
Prepared remarks delivered at the Peterson Institute for International Economics
September 24, 2012

The G-8 and Euro Area Clouds
by C. Randall Henning, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Interview by Christopher Alessi, Associate Staff Writer, Council on Foreign Relations
May 17, 2012

Why the Eurozone Crisis is Not Over [pdf]
by Martin Wolf, Financial Times
May 3, 2012

Lessons from Sweden on the Global Financial Crisis [pdf]
by Anders Borg, Minister of Finance of Sweden
April 23, 2012

Global Economic Prospects as of September 9, 2011: How Deep the Current Slowdown? [pdf]
by Michael Mussa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper presented at the twentieth semiannual meeting on Global Economic Prospects
September 9, 2011

Global Economic Prospects as of April 4, 2011: Continued Growth Despite the Turmoil
by Michael Mussa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper presented at the nineteenth semiannual meeting on Global Economic Prospects
April 4, 2011

The Euro Payoff: Germany's Economic Advantages from a Large and Diverse Euro Area
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper in Internationale Politik—Global Edition, March/April 2011
March 3, 2011

Sovereign Bankruptcy in the EU in the Comparative Perspective [pdf]
by Leszek Balcerowicz, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister of Poland
Paper presented at the event "The Eurozone: Problems and Solutions" held at the Peterson
December 6, 2010

Global Economic Prospects for 2010 and 2011: Global Recovery Continues [pdf]
by Michael Mussa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper presented at the seventeenth semiannual meeting on Global Economic Prospects, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC
April 8, 2010

Global Economic Prospects as of September 2009: Onward to Global Recovery [pdf]
by Michael Mussa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper presented at the sixteenth semiannual meeting on Global Economic Prospects, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC
September 17, 2009

Challenges and Opportunities in Times of Economic Turmoil
by Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, German Minister of Economics and Technology
Prepared remarks presented at a meeting hosted by the Peterson Institute for International Economics and the Hanns Seidel Foundation and the Representative of German Industry and Trade
March 17, 2009

Germany's Labor Reforms in Perspective [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Presentation at a debate on German labor market reforms at the Economic Policy Institute, Washington, DC
January 28, 2008

Taking the German Recovery Less Seriously
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Article in The International Economy
July 7, 2007

German Leadership and the Pursuit of Energy Security in a Global Economy
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
English version of article published in Sichere Energie im 21. Jahrhundert
December 2006

Global Economic Prospects, Early September 2006 [pdf]
by Michael Mussa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Presentation at the tenth semiannual meeting on Global Economic Prospects
Washington, DC
September 14, 2006

Does Europe Have an Economic Future?
by Mario Monti, President, Bocconi University
Fifth Annual Stavros S. Niarchos Lecture at the Institute for International Economics
May 8, 2006

European Economic Outlook [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Presentation at the eighth semiannual meeting on “Global Economic Prospects”
September 14, 2005

Global Economic Prospects: Growth Slowing Below Potential in 2006 [pdf]
by Michael Mussa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Presentation at the eighth semiannual meeting on Global Economic Prospects
Institute for International Economics
Washington, DC
September 12, 2005

A Glum Scenario—If... [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Article in Transatlantic Internationale Politik
March 2004

A Global Growth Rebound: How Strong for How Long? [pdf]
by Michael Mussa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper at the Global Economic Prospects conference
Institute for International Economics
Washington, DC
September 9, 2003

Germany and the Eurozone Outlook: Improvements for the Medium Term Little Immediate Help [pdf]
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Presentation at the Global Economic Prospects conference
Institute for International Economics
Washington, DC
September 9, 2003